The Citroën brand has always been known for its innovative character. Automobiles Citroën was founded in 1919 by André Citroën. His father was originally an Amsterdam diamond merchant called Citroen. The diaeresis on the name did not appear until André completed his technical training in France.
The Citroën logo
The logo, the double chvron, is inspired by a twill serration that he discovered in Poland. Citroën immediately took out a patent on it. With this special toothing, gears transmit their power much more quietly than ordinary gears.
Citroën gained a tremendous reputation for mass production, first in the arms industry and later in the automotive industry. In 1930, barely eleven years after its foundation, the brand was already the fourth largest car manufacturer in the world. Citroën risked everything for the development of the 7A, the famous Traction Avant. But the crisis broke out and Citroën went bankrupt in 1934. The Michelin brothers – yes, of the tires – took over the car manufacturer.
Even before the Second World War, the Citroën engineers were working on a small, cheap car that also had to be able to transport a basket of eggs intact through plowed land: the Tout Petite Voiture. Right, the 2CV. During the war, they bricked up the prototypes so that they were untraceable for the German occupier. They only resurfaced in the mid-1990s. The 2CV appeared on the market at the end of 1948 and became such a great success that Citroën only stopped production in 1990. Another iconic Citroën is of course the DS, or Pike, from 1957. With hydropneumatic suspension, brakes and steering and headlights turning with the steering front wheels, this was a piece of progressive technology.
Citroën and Peugeot merger
In 1974-1975 Citroën and Peugeot merged and since then the new Citroën models have been seen as less progressive because they are often based on Peugeot technology. In recent years, however, Citroën has presented increasingly wild concept cars and increasingly futuristic models are coming onto the market.