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Most Reliable Small Diesel Engine Ever Made

If you need a used car with a small diesel engine, even though the repair costs are very high, there are several attractive offers on the market for you. These cars won’t demand much of you, as long as you can take care of them.

Most Reliable Small Diesel Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

Best Small Diesel Engine

Here’s our overview of car models with small diesel engines of up to 1.5 liters that won’t break your budget.

Citroën and Peugeot 1.4 HDI

A small and economical diesel engine designed with city cars in mind, made its debut in 2001 on the Peugeot 206, and over time it became part of the smaller model PSA family, as well as for Ford, Mazda and Toyota cars. Until 2010, it was a very simple design without double mass wheels and variable geometry in the turbocharger.

Depending on the car model version, the small 1.4 HDI diesel engine reaches 54 HP, 68 HP or 90 HP. We do not recommend the latter, as it has a variable geometry turbo, Delphi injection and many design flaws. Only since 2008 the installation of a diesel particulate filter was not a big deal for this tiny diesel engine. Unfortunately, Ford uses dual mass wheels on the Fiesta / Fusion model.

The basis for long-term, smooth operation is a 5W-40 oil change every 15,000 km and a timing belt every 200,000 km. Every 100,000 km, the additional drive V-belt together with the crankshaft pulley must be replaced (absolutely necessary!). It is not durable and can fall suddenly while driving, which you don’t want.

Popular Model With 1.4 HDI Small Diesel Engine

  • Citroën C3 since 2001 – we recommend the 68 HP version
  • Peugeot 206 from 2001 and 207 from 2006 – we recommend the 68hp version
  • Toyota Aygo since 2005 – 1.4 D-4D designation may be confused with Toyota units, which are installed in other models, described later in the article.

Fiat 1.3 JTD / MultiJet

The 1.3 JTD small diesel engine is known among other things in the small Fiat car model, known for one feature – its low repair costs. Despite the many variations in power, dual mass wheels were not used, even in the most powerful variants – with the exception of the Opel Corsa and Suzuki Swift.

Initially, this small diesel engine was offered in a 70 HP version from 2003, but after two years 75 HP and 90 HP engines were added to the range. In 2009, a more powerful 95 HP variant with a DPF filter and a new generation Common Rail MultiJet injection appeared. The top 1.3 MultiJet engine makes 105 HP.

The 1.3 JTD / MultiJet small diesel engine variation can be divided into two generations: up to 2008 and from 2009. The latter already has a standard DPF filter and is a little more complex. The simplest variants are 70, 75 and 90 hp. They don’t have double mass wheels, but you have to be careful with the clutch, which is not very durable. However, the price is low – up to $ 105.

What should you pay attention to during operation? Especially for oil. Fiat recommends replacing every 20,000 km and you can stick with the original Selenia WR 5W-40. If not, you should reduce this mileage to 15,000 km. Also, be sure to check the oil level, as a slight deficiency can lead to a low capacity of the lubrication system.

Engine oil is essential for chain timing drive. The oil tensioner may not function properly when the lubricant runs out or is low. In theory, the timing drive is not replaced, but workshop practice shows that ignoring oil can make noise at 100,000 km. Luckily, repairs are inexpensive.

Popular Model With 1.3 JTD / MultiJet Small Diesel Engine

  • Alfa Romeo Mito since 2008 – 90 HP version
  • Fiat 500 since 2007 – 75 HP -95 HP version
  • Fiat Panda II since 2003 – 70 HP and 75 HP versions
  • Fiat Panda III from 2012 – 75HP version – 95 HP
  • Fiat Grande Punto since 2005 – version 75 HP – 84 HP
  • Fiat Punto Evo from 2008 – versions up to 84 HP
  • Opel Corsa C from 2000 – 70 HP version, marking 1.3 CDTi (on this model there are dual mass wheels)
  • Suzuki Swift since 2004 – 70 HP and 75 HP versions, 1.3 DDIS index (on this model there are dual mass wheels)

Renault 1.5 dCi

The French engine rose to prominence, partly from the failure of the crankshaft bearing and injection system, but contributed to the dynamic development of small engines in French automobiles. In production since 2001, this small diesel engine is perfect for small cars. At the same time, contrary to popular belief, it can be cheap to operate.

Almost everyone interested in motorization knows that the 1.5 dCi engine has a design flaw in the crankshaft bearings. However, not everyone is aware of the fact that they flip when the oil is changed too infrequently, and most engines on the market either repair or have never had this problem.

In practice, you can buy a car with an engine from 1.5 dCi to 82 HP and enjoy very cheap operation. Even the prophylactic replacement of bushings is not associated with high costs – about $ 250. The injection system can cause more problems.

This small diesel engine is equipped with two types of Common Rail injection – manufactured by Siemens and Delphi. The former are very durable, but expensive to repair. The second is slightly cheaper, but definitely less durable. We recommend Siemens, which you will recognize by its stellar looking injection pump.

We recommend the simplest and cheapest version of the repair up to 82 HP. The dual mass has no wheels and is usually equipped with a turbocharger of a fixed geometry. In cars until 2005 you will not find a diesel particulate filter.

How should the engine be operated? First of all, the oil is changed every 10,000 km with a 5W-40 synthetic lubricant. It must be very careful. If you buy a car considering the operation of several years, it is worth considering a preventive replacement of the bushing, if it has never been done and the engine has covered at least 200,000 km. Change time drive every 100,000 km or every 5 years.

Popular Model With 1.5 dCi Small Diesel Engine

  • Dacia Logan I since 2004 – 68 HP and 86 HP versions do not have a DPF filter
  • Dacia Duster since 2010 – 86 HP and 90 HP versions are the cheapest, but have a DPF filter
  • Nissan Micra K12 since 2002 – preferably with the 82 HP version
  • Renault Clio II from 2001 and Clio III from 2005 – we recommend the 65 HP and 86 HP versions
  • Renault Megane / Scenic III since 2002 – the best version 86 HP

Volkswagen 1.4 TDI

VW’s most popular small diesel engine, the 1.9 TDI, has three cylinders and is fitted to a smaller model older than the Volkswagen Group. This engine is also installed on the Audi A2, Škoda Fabia and Seat Ibiza. The advantage is very low operating costs, but also has one serious technical drawback.

The disadvantage is the formation of axial play on the crankshaft, which in practice cannot be eliminated. When buying a car with this small diesel engine, it should be checked, but we doubt the seller will approve it, given the low price of the car. Therefore, you can take the risk if the engine runs smoothly, there are no dashboard messages and there are no distracting sounds from the bottom of the engine compartment.

If you choose the 1.4 TDI, you can choose a very simple version with 75 HP or a slightly more advanced version with 70 or 80 HP. The first has a fixed geometry turbocharger, while the other two VGT turbo are introduced in 2005. However, neither use a double-mass flywheel, and the injection system consists of an easy-to-repair unit injector.

In order to sleep relatively well after buying a car with a small 1.4 TDI diesel engine, check the axial rotation of the shaft when changing the valve timing. If that was normal, there was nothing to be afraid of. If not, consider reselling the car or slowly find a second engine. Therefore, we recommend this engine on condition, if you find a cheap and good car.

The 5W-40 oil with the standard VW 505.01 must be changed every 15,000 km and there is no point in looking for other solutions. This is important for the efficiency of the unit injector. In addition, the timings are changed every 90,000 km, and by the way, it’s worth installing a new accessory drive.

Popular Model With 1.4 TDI Small Diesel Engine

  • Audi A2 since 1999 – one of the most attractive models with the best variant of this engine, with a power of 75 HP
  • Seat Ibiza III since 2002 – all 1.4 TDI variations
  • Škoda Fabia since 1999 and Fabia II since 2006 – also as Roomster
  • Volkswagen Lupo since 1999 – the best 75 HP engine
  • Volkswagen Polo IV since 2001 – all power versions

Toyota 1.4 D-4D

Toyota’s small diesel engine, which made its debut at Yaris in 2001, can be considered the best diesel engine of this manufacturer, based on Common Rail injection technology. Powerless – up to 90 HP – but economical, reliable and cheap to repair.

Toyota did not create a simple engine because it used Bosch high pressure injection, variable geometry turbocharger and intercooler. These accessories are either cheap to repair (injection) or very durable (supercharged).

However, what can’t be done very well doesn’t show up in this engine. Of course I am talking about double mass wheels. Unfortunately, there is one thing that can cause problems – DPF filters. However, it’s only been used since 2008, as is the somewhat expensive but reliable liquid-cooled EGR valve.

The engine is basically available in two power versions: 75 HP and 90 HP. There’s also an 88 HP version, but it’s only used on the Mini One D.This is the equivalent of a 90 HP engine. Weaker engines are the least complicated, but were discontinued in 2008. Buying a car with a 1.4 D-4D engine is always a good decision, even though the HDI engine really works under the hood (see first article above). However, this only applies to the Toyota Aygo.

The operation is not demanding. The manufacturer even allows the use of 15W-40 oil, although we recommend a minimum of a good quality 10W-40. Replace every 15,000 km. The time drive runs a smooth chain. However, it’s best to check valve clearance every 40,000-50,000 km. Remember to replace the auxiliary drive together with the water pump, as there are leaks and air pockets in the system.

Popular Model With 1.4 D-4D Small Diesel Engine

  • Toyota Yaris I-III from 2001 – 90 HP Yaris II to 2008 looks the most attractive, without a DPF filter
  • Toyota Corolla IX since 2004 – we especially recommend this model
  • Toyota Auris / Corolla X from 2007
  • Mini One from 2003 – to 2005, the 75 HP version was installed, the 2005 90 HP, and from 2006 it was already a 1.6 HDI 90 HP engine

Why choose a small diesel engine without a double mass flywheel?

For several years now, interest in used diesel cars has steadily declined for a simple reason – expensive repairs. Diesel engines can deliver significant fuel savings, but sometimes repairs can wipe them all out. That’s why we’ve warned you more than once not to buy a used diesel engine, if you really don’t need it. Especially if you intend to drive a small car for short distances.

But what if you drive a lot, but don’t want to spend a fortune on the potential effects of a diesel equipment failure? Do you have no choice, and the only thing is petrol with an inconvenient gas installation that takes up a lot of space in such a small trunk? Not completely. There are many cars on the market with small, simple diesel engines that are cheap to repair.

What brings in the biggest costs?

In general, small diesel engines are very durable, outperforming gasoline engines in this respect. However, we are talking about the engine itself, not the accessories. One of the elements that will wear out sooner or later is the double-mass flywheel.

Especially if you drive in the city and change gears a lot, it is a pain, and you will spend at least $ 400 on a replacement. Therefore, it is clear that the lack of an unpopular double mass will allow considerable savings in the long run. This is one of the key elements.


The lack of double-mass wheels is a sign that we are dealing with a small, simple, low-power diesel engine design. As a result, often less complicated, supercharging systems, no variable geometry turbochargers, sometimes even without an intercooler, and simple electromagnetic injection.

That’s why a small diesel engine without a double bulk flywheel is almost automatically so cheap to use, and no improvement will surprise you financially. In our overview we present small engines without double mass wheels and with simple accessories, as well as several models of the cars on which they are installed.

Most Reliable Used Cars With Diesel And Petrol Engine

Choosing a used car is not a simple matter, let alone choosing the engine. Many people start with that. I suggest which model is better with petrol and which is better with diesel, to help you find a used car that costs up to $ 8,000.

Most Reliable Used Car Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

Most Reliable Used Cars With Diesel & Petrol Engine

In this list, I selected 20 most reliable and best used car models with priced up to around $ 8,000, from various segments, showing that the questions asked in the headings are not always ambiguous. I’m trying to choose a car like that where you can really run into a big dilemma. I chose the best engine, indicated how much fuel they needed in the opinion of the reader, suggested whether gasoline was suitable for LPG and finally answered the question: which one and why?

Ford Fiesta Mk7

In some used car markets, a Ford Fiesta with a petrol engine can win. However, the plethora of diesel engines technically tied to the iconic French HDI are tempting. The best diesel in this range is the 1.6 TDCi 95 HP unit. It provides better performance than the popular 1.25 l and 1.4 l petrol engines. The average consumption is about 5 l / 100 km, which is a better result of almost 2 l than a gasoline engine. The disadvantage of these petrol engines is the fact that LPG is not recommended for them.

Is diesel a better choice? Without a price difference, of course. It is dynamic, more economical, and operation is inexpensive. Of course, supporters will still use gasoline, but I recommend diesel in this model.

Mini One (R56)

Many people want to buy an unusual mini, but also quickly learn about the many problems with this model. One of the main areas is the 1.6l petrol engine, which among other things has difficulty with timing and oil intake. However, if this engine is well maintained, it turns out to be durable, but on a used car this seems rare.

Meanwhile, the used Mini also offers a 1.6 HDI diesel engine – almost exactly like the Fiesta described above, at only 110 HP. My fuel consumption is 4.8 l / 100 km.

Opel Corsa D

Opel Corsa is a used car with dimensions that are quite heavy, so it requires a powerful engine for perfect acceleration. It’s a 1.7 CDTI diesel engine that delivers up to 125 HP, which makes Corsa almost a hot hatch. The average fuel consumption is about 5.5 l / 100 km.

A competitor may be a 1.4 liter 90 HP petrol engine, which is also great for cars, and especially for LPG fuel. It consumes 6.7 liters of gasoline per 100 km and shows practically no problem. In this particular case, I would bet on this engine, even if it performs worse, because the diesel engine in this used car can surprise you with a fairly costly error.

Škoda Fabia II

This popular used car model, especially in companies, is usually available in the market in the 1.2 liter petrol and 1.4 L diesel versions. Both of these engines are quite risky, but it is safer to buy the TDI version. It could be the end of the story, if not 1.4 MPI gasoline.

The 86 HP engine makes the Fabia dynamic, quite economical (about 6.5 liters / 100 km), and at the same time completely reliable. Even with the high mileage, there is no risk of any mistakes, and the LPG supply is received without the slightest hitch. The engine that was designed for this car – it’s a shame it’s “not built” anymore. This is without a doubt the best machine in its class.

Toyota Yaris III

In the third generation used Yaris, all engines were excellent – from the weakest 1.0-liter petrol engine to 1.4-liter diesel, including hybrid drive. All, except cars with 1.33 liters, fuel consumption is less than 6 l / 100 km. The choice here is not easy, so I would only recommend finding a good used yaris car.

In the end, however, I would recommend buying a used car with hybrid, if it weren’t for the less than $ 8,000 in price. Therefore, the choice is a diesel engine. While it goes a bit against the city car idea, it does a great job and is undoubtedly the best small diesel car at this price.

Ford Focus III

This increasingly popular model has such a large engine range that there are many options. The best petrol engine is the 1.6 Ti-VCT engine, medium in every way. It can be installed with an LPG installation, although many specialists do not recommend it. The modern system will solve the problem of weak cylinder heads and valves, as well as fuel consumption of 7.5 l / 100 km.

The same goes for the 1.6 TDCi 95hp diesel. This engine is very simple, though less powerful, on par with gasoline engine performance, and fuel consumption averages 5.4 liters / 100 km. These are engine that mechanics rated more highly, without errors, although they sometimes require expensive servicing. Unfortunately, due to the mileage, a focus used car bought for around $ 8,000 might already require a higher financial outlay, so I recommend a petrol engine.

Hyundai i30 (GD)

The used Hyundai i30 may not have been a hit in sales yet, but it is already in great demand in the market. Most cars have either a 1.6 liter MPI petrol engine or a CRDi diesel engine under the hood. The latter is even in some strength versions. Select which one?

It’s hard to say anything bad about Hyundai’s diesel engines, they are durable and the fuel consumption is around 5.6 l / 100 km. However, major fixes may be a problem. The low popularity of these machines made some parts expensive. Meanwhile, a gasoline engine with a capacity of 120 HP is practically no problem and even though it consumes an average of 7 l / 100 km it is still good for gasoline. So the choice is simple, namely a gasoline engine.

Opel Astra J

Astra’s used car with diesel engines are great, especially the 1.7-liter capacity, as the newer ones are harder to buy for up to $ 8,000 and are already very cumbersome. However, compared to diesel engines with a fuel consumption of about 6 l / 100 km, gasoline engines are better. Both the 1.4 Turbo supercharged with 140 hp, which is the optimal engine, and the naturally aspirated 1.6 l with 115 hp.

The thing is, on the 1.4 T diesel and petrol engines, we are dealing with the M32 emergency transmission. With an unsuccessful purchase, this can significantly increase operating costs. The 1.6 engine doesn’t suffer from this problem, which is not economical (about 8 l / 100 km), but good for gas supply. The driver may complain about the lack of dynamics, but I still recommend this machine when buying.

Škoda Octavia II

If you are planning to buy the used Skoda Octavia II, then you are definitely considering the TDI version. Both 1.9 liter and 2 liter engines are offered in this model. There’s also 1.6 TDI, but that’s fine when the naturally aspirated 1.6 MPI petrol engine stays in the $ 8,000 price range.

This simple engine is designed to run on gas, so 2 l / 100 km more fuel consumption in relation to diesel should not be a problem. The more so because it does not show major drawbacks, unlike the diesel variant, which has more engines with flaws. I recommend buying a version of this engine also on the Golf V and VI, which was produced in the same period.

Toyota Auris (Corolla) I

In the used Auris (Corolla), the choice is clear – the 1.6 VVT-i petrol engine. It has a power of 124 HP, according to the size of the car, and consumes an average of 7.6 l / 100 km. Valvematic is newer up to 7.1 l / 100 km. Also, they work well with LPG installations.

However, in this case I will choose diesel. Again, for the 1.4 D-4D (90 HP) engine, which is simple and durable, has better dynamics than the 1.4-equivalent petrol, and consumes an average of 5.4 liters / 100 km. If I bought a diesel in this class and price range, it would be the Auris (Corolla) 1.4 D-4D.

Audi A4 (B7)

The choice of engines is huge, but there aren’t too many guarantees in the used Audi A4 (B7) range. Among the petrol engines, the supercharged version of the old 1.8 Turbo deserves special recognition. It delivers excellent performance and, despite consuming an average of 10 l / 100 km, it’s good for fuel, although many mechanics don’t recommend it.

The petrol engine described would have been the only “proper” choice, were it not for the 115 hp 1.9 TDI diesel. This successful engine may not be very efficient and you need to pay attention to timing gear changes in a timely manner, but the fuel consumption of 6.5 l / 100 km, excellent access to spare parts and excellent durability assures itself.

There is no clear answer here, as the difference in dynamics and fuel consumption is enormous – they are different sources of propulsion. If you want dynamics and maybe quattro drive, get a petrol engine. If you use a TDI that is noisy and fuel efficient, you can choose a diesel engine.

Ford Mondeo (Fusion) Mk4

Choosing the right engine on the third generation used Mondeo is just a dilemma. The Turbocharged EcoBoost engines show their weaknesses even more, but they flirt with performance. On the other hand, the 2-liter diesel engine seduces high durability, low fuel consumption (6.7 l / 100 km) and similarities to the French HDI, although repairs are not always cheap.

Somewhere in the middle is a 2.0 petrol engine with 145 HP. Relatively economical (9 l / 100 km). It may not provide great performance, but its simple structure and capacity suitable for a car results in low maintenance costs and high durability. This is the best choice in my opinion.

Opel Insignia

In this case, the consumer makes his own choice. Although used Insignia gasoline is cheaper in showrooms than diesel engines, the dominance of diesel engines in the market is enormous. Or was it a mistake?

Everything is fine with gasoline. On its own, for example, 1.8 L or 2.0 T units, and even the tiny 1.4 T are fine. The problem is the car. The insignia is not only large, but also very severe. Economical driving will allow you to descend up to 8 l / 100 km, but you can count on dynamics only from 200 HP and above. The 2 liter petrol engine making 220 HP seems like a good fit, but it consumes 12.4 l / 100 km and LPG is not recommended.

That’s why Opel customers have chosen so well – the 2.0 CDTi diesel engine is in practice the only engine compatible with the car. They match the fuel consumption at 7 l / 100 km and ensure decent performance. They are durable, maybe not the cheapest in service, but they don’t pose a big problem.

BMW 5 Series (E60)

Although these cars are known for their relatively high maintenance costs and many shortcomings, they are still popular. Importantly, it’s the last used 5 Series with a really good range of engines. From a gasoline engine, you can recommend almost any 6-cylinder according to the rules – the older the simpler. Of course, you can not count on low fuel consumption (10-11 l / 100 km).

The 3 liter diesel engine provides better performance in terms of fuel consumption. This “armored” engine has no major problems, is rarely repaired, many mechanics handle it, and enjoys dynamics and fuel consumption below 9 l / 100 km. The greater the ability not to overtake everyone on the road, the closer the result is to 5-6 l / 100 km. Although I consider the 30d engine to be the best, the choice of a 25i or 30i petrol engine is also very good.

Mercedes E-Class (W211)

Neither of the standard versions of the used E-Class will give you as much fun as the E500, which you will find within the budget described, but when looking for a good, well-maintained used car, you should focus on the weaker one, which will also be cheaper to repair. potential.

The E320 version is optimized – perfect for LPG, the power of 224 KM won’t be a shame, and the car doesn’t even consume excessively (about 10 l / 100 km) of fuel. A weaker version of the E240 will also be fine, although the burn is not reduced.

However, in my opinion at the moment it is Mercedes, the best is with a diesel engine. Users and mechanics alike praise the CDI E220 for its economy (7.5 l / 100 km) and above average durability. For those expecting good dynamics, the E270 CDI with an average fuel consumption of 8.3 l / 100 km is a better choice. The diesel engine in this car is also easier to resell.

Dacia Duster I

The excellent 1.6 liter petrol engine is an obvious choice in the Dacia Duster used car. Not only simple and durable, it is also suitable for LPG. However, it should be noted that until 2015 it was a Renault engine, then a Nissan engine. The technical differences were large, and the older engines were better suited for gas operation. The average fuel consumption is from 7 to 9 l / 100 km, depending on opinion.

The alternative is, of course, the super efficient 1.5 DCi diesel, which I won’t exclude at all. Despite the fact that the engine has a design flaw – low quality bushings. With proper maintenance, this is a durable, moderately reliable and powerful machine. Burns averaged 6 l / 100 km. Unfortunately, the greater susceptibility to breakdown, higher service costs however, higher fuel costs after taking into account the supply of petrol gas, makes diesel objectively inferior in this comparison.

Suzuki Grand Vitara II

An attractive used SUV that is an off-roader replacement with lots of tuning potential. A decent design with a permanent 4 × 4 damper and drive, however, can be tough to buy because of the engine. Petrol vehicles are very fuel intensive – at least 10 l / 100 km, and 2.4 engines even more than 13 l / 100 km. However, it is the safest and most optimized 140 HP 2.0 16V engine, also gasable.

The Diesel 1.9 DDiS is a Renault design with some flaws, but after a rather expensive “starter pack” it will function for years without fail. However, it is inconclusive with fuel consumption – 8.7 l / 100 km. Performance due to 129 hp power also does not. You don’t need to hesitate anymore when buying Grand Vitara.

Toyota RAV4 III

The RAV4s that were known from the start for their low failure rate in this generation had one problem – they were diesel engines that looked tempting on offer, but had problems that were expensive to fix. It’s no wonder that on average you’ll have to pay around $ 1,800- $ 2,700 more for a single petrol engine. This is the machine that I recommend. At $ 8,000 it’s a little hard to find the newer Valvematica, but the older VVTi is good too.

The 152 HP variant consumes an average of 9.7 liters of gasoline per 100 km, which is at least 2 liters more than diesel. After gas, fuel consumption will increase even more, but the cost of driving 100 km will be lower. In addition, these used engine can cover hundreds thousands of kilometers without any problems.

Volkswagen Tiguan I

Are you afraid of expensive 2.0 TDI diesel repairs? Duly. Are you afraid of a serious failure of the TSI unit? You are right. If the car does not exceed 300,000 km of mileage, we can confidently recommend diesel. They all have a Common Rail system and are surprisingly durable. Repair will be cheaper than competing diesel engines. The optimal engine has 140 HP and consumes fuel around 6.5–7.0 l / 100 km.

However, if you want to buy this used car with a petrol engine, choose 122 HP 1.4 TSI and after purchase it is thoroughly revised to eliminate the problem. With this you need to go to a specialist. If you find this used car with a mileage of about 100,000 km, it doesn’t have to be that bad, and on average it takes 8 liters of gasoline per 100 km.

Renault Scenic III

The Scenic is known for its high failure rate, but its third generation is pretty good. Both of these factors make it possible to buy a good car for very little money, provided you choose the right engine.

Diesels are very tempting – as many as four versions to choose from. Each of them will consume fuel in 6 l / 100 km. Versions 1.6 and 2.0 l are known for their smoothness, and 1.5 l is cheap to repair. 1.9 L is very risky, although some art with big mileage is known.

However, the diesel engine in this used car is inferior to the 1.6 petrol engine at 110 HP. This is an optimal engine so it is suitable for gas supply. It’s true that with the full set of passengers it lacks a bit of power, but pays for a low failure rate and cheap service. On average it consumes about 7.7 l / 100 km, but after adding LPG, it will be cheaper than the most economical diesel.


I find that often the selection of a used car starts with determining the type of fuel. There are supporters of petrol-fueled vehicles as well as supporters of diesel. However, when it comes to the factor called LPG, the situation has changed a little.

It is not always profitable to buy a used car with LPG, but it is often cheaper to drive this fuel than diesel. It also happens that the petrol engines in certain models are not suitable for gas or are more troublesome than the theoretically more complex diesel engines.

BMW M57 Engine Review, History, Specs And Swap

It is about the BMW 3 liter diesel marked with the code M57, which made its debut in 1998 and does not just power the cars of this brand. It is appreciated by users and tuners alike and has a reputation for being armored. While in the United States the best diesel engines for popular pick-ups are those from Cummins, there is no doubt in Europe whose designs deserve the highest ratings.

BMW M57 Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

BMW M57 Engine History

As an engine manufacturer, BMW has designed many attractive designs with excellent parameters, but over time it often turns out to be defective or fail. Some hoped in the late 90’s that this German brand, which is known especially for its sports cars, will contribute to the history of the automotive industry with diesel engines.

The M57 was produced between 1998 and 2013, but is still the topic of conversation for many people looking for used cars. Also for those who are considering replacing the damaged original engine with another engine. Without a doubt, this 6-cylinder design is the most successful European diesel in modern history and perhaps the best engine BMW has produced in the last two decades.

BMW M57 Engine Specs

The M57 diesel – not the successor to the N57 – is currently used by Rosenbauer, a company that specializes in fire truck construction. Their latest RT hybrid combat vehicle uses the M57 as a battery charging unit.

Diesel N57, a newer version, has also proven successful in motorsport. The 4 wins in the Mini team’s Dakar Rally in 2012-2015 were thanks to a very reliable and very powerful diesel engine, which still powers BMW cars and is one of the most popular choices among customers, especially in the X5 or X6 SUV. Three turbochargers made this unit a real 381hp rocket, and the BMW M department was responsible for the preparation of the variant marked in the production model as the M50d.

BMW M57 Engine Problems & Reliability

The M57 engine won the Engine of the Year title four times in a row in the 2.5 to 3.0 L category from 1999 to 2002, and the dual turbo variant that was more powerful twice from 2005 to 2006. In total, thirteen power versions were made, three capacity versions, and engines installed in production cars of three brands. The BMW engine with the weakest power M57D30 variant from 177 hp is mounted on the Range Rover, but generally the weakest version of the M57 engine in the 2.5-liter version is mounted under the hood of the Opel Omega B.

What Makes The 3 liter M57 Diesel Popular?

An engine can be rated for its dynamism, reliability or durability, and BMW diesel has all of these qualities. On the one hand, it can be used to drive a mid-range sedan and provide good dynamics with relatively low fuel consumption. It can be used for 15-20 years, and the 400,000km-500,000km mileage won’t get him into trouble.

On the other hand, it can drive a powerful SUV, allowing not only to tow heavy trailers, but also to travel hundreds of kilometers on mountainous terrain, and after releasing the trailer, it can accelerate cars weighing more than 2 tons in 7 seconds.

What else? This engine can be set from around 200 HP to 300 HP, and from nearly 300 HP to more than 400 HP. Without disturbing the crank and piston systems, a value of 450 HP and over 700 Nm was achieved. By the way, such an engine tuned will tear the gearbox converter to tears and blow up xDrive.

If you want your BMW 3 Series to be right in front of the M3 in the same period, then buy the 330d, turn it on and watch the M3 disappear not only in your rearview mirror, but also in black smoke.

M57 Construction

The secret of the M57 is durability, which allows it to achieve excellent parameters without negative consequences with a high work culture. All of this stands on widely understood ecological phenomena. Cast iron and heavy engine block ensure excellent rigidity, and a good balance results in low vibration levels, which also translate to durability.

The turbocharged six-cylinder delivers 184 hp and 390 Nm of torque. Such a unit made its debut in 1998 as a more powerful variant of the 4 cylinder diesel. What distinguishes the M57 from its predecessor M51 is of course the Common Rail power system, which makes this machine much more dynamic and economical.

Over time, the engine was upgraded (the mark of the next TÜ) and the performance was improved, the block was changed to an aluminum block (a version marked as TÜ2), and a DPF filter appeared. The EGR valve was installed from the start, but in the end, the M57 is an engine designed to last, work hard and don’t meet any emission standards. However, this has drawbacks only in areas that have been changed to conform to the prevailing standards. The top version reaches the parameters of 286 hp and 580 Nm.

An integral element associated with this unit is the swirl flap in the intake manifold, which is not available in the 2.5 liter version (M57D25). However, they caused a lot of damage after a long period of time.

  • The intake system flap is the only engine fault.
  • In the first series, there was a small flap that broke and could fall into the machine. The effect is different. The cap can get caught in the inlet, which doesn’t cause any damage. When it passes through the valve and falls into the cylinder, there are more problems – from damage to the piston itself, to damage to the cylinder head, to damage to everything. Now that is practically not the case, because either the flaps have been thrown out, or the machine they fell on is gone. Some have replaced the caps with new ones, so you should check after buying a car with this M57 engine.
  • After 2007, the O-ring flap frequently leaked and indicated oil leakage to the outside of the engine via the intake manifold. Any conscious user of this engine and other modern diesel engines knows that the flaps must be removed for their own safety and peace of mind. It is known that they have an unspecified effect on the purity of the flue gas, but they are not a problem for some users.
  • There are various theories about flaps and their impact on removal, but from a user point of view, there is no difference between machines with and without flaps. One thing is for sure – there is no negative effect of removing the engine cover.
  • Another problem with the M57 engine is the DPF filter, but as I know, it’s not about the device itself, but about poor resistance with the thermostat.
  • On average, they last 5 years and if not replaced, they maintain the temperature at 50-70 degrees Celsius, which prevents the DPF filter from burning out. It’s usually a faulty thermostat that’s causing the problem with it.
  • Some models have an upstream throttle from the EGR valve. If the throttle has a problem, the DPF will not burn either. These are elements that are safe enough to fail.

Of course, like any diesel engine, this M57 engine has its problems too, but this is due to three things: long mileage, poor quality fuel, or improper service. If the engine is well maintained and all minor faults can be controlled, the M57 is a practical machine to drive.

What should you be aware of?

  • Common Rail system is fuel sensitive. The injector falls off with the same frequency as in other brands. There are no rules here, it’s important not to neglect fuel filter changes.
  • In the BMW 5 Series (E60), it happens that the diesel goes into the lubrication system. This is the fault of the Common Rail pump, which travels 400,000km-500,000km, may have a boiling cut groove on the drive shaft. Therefore, if there is more engine oil, it does not always mean that the DPF is not burning. Sometimes the reason is worn pumps and seals, and diesel oil getting into the engine oil reduces its viscosity, even causing wear of the crankshaft bearings. Therefore, you need to control the oil level, even if the engine is not using it.

It’s hard to ignore this engine, and if the oil is changed every 10,000-15,000km and it pours good fuel, you can sleep well.

  • The timing has practically not changed, although common sense advises to do it after, say, 400,000 km. However, I did not find, for example, in the oil container, worn slip marks, as in many other engines.
  • Problems can only occur with biturbo engines with factory power of 272 hp and 286 hp. It happens that the timing chain breaks due to high loads – a powerful engine plus a heavy car, for example the X5 with four-wheel drive.
  • Therefore, in this engine it is advisable to pay closer attention to the chain. This can be checked by removing the valve cover and installing a lock. The mechanic also warns against making unprofessional adjustments. Yes, this engine is very susceptible to modification and tolerates it very well, but too fast torque jumps in combination with the car’s large weight and four-wheel drive can lead to a situation where the chain will break.
  • In my opinion, the safety limit of this machine is approximately 350 HP, without disturbing the crank system and other structural elements, so you cannot overestimate by chipping.

M57 Engine Swap for Nissan Patrol

Many Nissan Patrol Y60 and Y61 users have changed or are planning to replace the original engine with the BMW M57. There is some reasons. First of all, because the engine itself is, as you already know, close to perfection, which is the opposite of the standard Nissan engine.

  • The option to mount the M57 for off-road vehicles is supported by several arguments, according to the opinion of a mechanic who specializes in off-road car tuning and M57 transplants. “Produces a lot of power compared to serial engines, in cars like patrols, jeeps, etc. And I’m talking about diesel engines. This power can be increased very easily without having to change half of the engine. This engine is very heat resistant, provided the part used to swap properly selected, such as the cooling system, intake system, etc. “
  • The 3 liter 6 cylinder engine fits like a glove, because original Nissan engines or some jeeps also have 6 cylinders lined up and have a capacity of 2.8 liters – 4.2 liters. It also has fairly simple electronics, unlike the newer N57.
  • This engine fits perfectly into the compartment of off-road vehicles. “The big plus is the price of the complete engine, the price of parts and its large availability. The added advantage is its combustion. The Jeep Cherokee XJ with the M57 can save fuel up to 7 l / 100 km, and importantly the Nissan patrol can burn 10- 12 liters, in a very long expedition.

For example, patrol Nissan users after the transplant get a car that is almost twice as dynamic and half as economical, where there is no shortage of manpower in heavy tourism and offroad, and no fear of overheating.

The engine of the M57 is not the only one that Nissan patrols, but check for yourself, for example, in the ad, how many such cars are and how much they are worth. I also asked a specialist, who had specialized in assembling the M57 for Nissan patrols for many years, and why it was special.

  • It must be remembered that such transplants are carried out differently, and good work comes at a price.
  • The M57 is used not only in off-road vehicles, but wherever the driver is powerless or has a defective drive. The M57 was also put under the hood of the model where the original engine was damaged and the second one could not be found. This is one of the few engines where it is extremely difficult to overheat.
  • In this engine, there is practically no such thing as overheating. And this is probably the best recommendation for every SUV owner with problems with it.


To bring the 3-liter unit up to already stringent emission standards, it was modified significantly in 2008, changing the designation to the N57, and leaving the M57 in production. The N57 engine has a very distinct timing drive, located at the rear of the engine, between the unit and the gearbox.

The timing on the N57 requires more attention, among others by the start / stop system. Unfortunately, this solution requires using the starter several times more frequently while driving, for example in traffic jams. Yes, it saves the environment, but it is torturous. The N57 also features a piezoelectric injector which is more delicate and prone to breakage, and at the same time is very expensive and non-regenerable. Overall the engine is still good, but not like the M57 anymore.

The best variant of this BMW engine is the M57D30TÜ version with 218 HP power and 500 Nm of torque. With corrections after the first series. It is a relatively simple, very durable and above average robust construction which makes it the best known diesel engine in the world. And the only thing where the terms “diesel” and “sport” do not cause conflict.

BMW 3 Series E90/E91/E92/E93 Review, Engine Specs And History

Until recently, the fifth generation of the BMW 3 Series E90 / E91 / E92 / E93 cost a fortune, and only the wealthier could afford a small Bavarian limousine. Now you can have it for around $ 10,200. Unfortunately, it would be difficult to find a well-kept used car for this amount.

BMW 3 Series E90 E91 E92 E93 Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

BMW 3 Series History

The BMW 3 Series has been with us since the mid-1970s. That’s when the first generation of this model, which is marked with the symbol E21, was introduced. Already early in his career, the car was a sales hit, and the next generation only solidified its high position in the market and gained recognition from new customers. The fifth generation Series 3 debuted in 2005, and the designs are the work of renowned American designer Chris Bangle.

While other cars coming off the eccentric drawing board are controversial, in the 3er case, because of the model’s primary strategic importance, there may not be room for experimentation. Initially, only the E90 sedan and the E91 estate car were presented, but a year later the E92 coupé and E93 convertible were added to the offer.

Two years after its market debut, the top 420-hp version of the M3 had its premiere, which, unlike the previous generation, is now available not only as a coupé and convertible, but also as a sedan. Also new to the M3 is the V8 engine, which replaces the R6, which the Bavarian brand has been associated with for years.

In 2008–2009 the car underwent a minor facelift. What has changed? First of all, the front and rear lights have been renovated, the engine power has been increased, and all petrol engines have direct fuel injection. The sedan and estate versions have now been replaced by the new F30, while the convertible and coupé will remain on sale for some time.

BMW 3 Series Specs

Both the driveline and the motor itself have been positioned longitudinally over the years according to the same recipe. As befits BMW, in the fifth generation of the 3 Series models, drive is transferred primarily to the rear wheels, but there are also many models on the market with an optional electronically mounted 4 × 4 xDrive.

Torque can be channeled either via a 6-speed automatic transmission or via a 6-speed manual. The most powerful version of the M3 also features a 7-speed dual clutch transmission. In the Euro NCAP crash test, the BMW 3 Series E90 / E91 / E92 / E93 received 5 stars.

BMW 3 Series Engine


  • R4 1.6 (122hp) 316i
  • R4 2.0 (129hp, 136hp, 143hp, 150hp, 163hp, 170hp, 173hp) 318i, 320i, 320si
  • R6 2.5 (177hp, 191hp, 203hp, 218 hp) 323i, 325i
  • R6 3.0 (211hp, 233hp, 257hp, 272hp) 325i, 328i (US), 330i
  • R6 3.0 TwinTurbo (306hp-320hp) 335i, 335is (US)
  • R6 3.0 TwinPower Turbo (306hp) 335i
  • V8 4.0 (420hp) M3
  • V8 4.4 (450hp) M3 GTS


  • R4 2.0 (115hp, 122hp, 136hp, 143hp, 163hp, 177hp, 184hp) 316d, 318d, 320d EfficientDynamics, 320d
  • R6 3.0 (197hp, 204hp, 231hp, 245hp) 325d, 330d
  • R6 3.0 TwinTurbo (286hp) 335d

BMW 3 Series Problems & Reliability

  • Ignition coil problems
  • High pressure fuel pump problems
  • Common rail injector problems
  • Double mass flywheel problems
  • Crankshaft pulley problems
  • Turbocharger gets stuck
  • Xenon headlights problems
  • Electronic steering lock problems
  • Radio software problems
  • Central locking problems
  • Lacquered interior plastics are also brittle
  • The time chain quickly runs out

The BMW 3 Series models E90 / E91 / E92 / E93 described are still relatively young cars, so apart from engine accessories, we won’t find any serious faults here. What are the problems with the BMW 3 Series E90 / E91 / E92 / E93? The weakest point of this model is undoubtedly the electronics. The failures mainly concerned: xenon headlights, electronic steering lock, radio software, and central locking. Some of the lacquered interior plastics are also brittle.

How is the suspension? It is a fast driving and very durable structure. Unfortunately, on a car with a mileage of about 200,000 km, replacement may already require the rear wishbone bushings, engine mounts and shock absorbers.

Which engines is worth recommending? There are so many engines in the BMW 3 Series that it is difficult to choose the engine version that makes the most sense, although the 2.0 and 2.5 liter petrol versions can undoubtedly be considered as such.

Thrill-seekers should be attracted by the 3.0 liter engine, both naturally aspirated and supercharged. Of course, the fuel consumption and service costs are much higher in comparison to smaller capacity engines.

The most sporty impression, however, is guaranteed by M-cars, but first, most of the used cars available on the market have suffered serious problems, and secondly, the maintenance is very expensive. Still, it’s hard not to recommend it.

When choosing a petrol engine from the R4 and R6 versions, it is better to choose an engine from before 2007. Why? Because new cars are equipped with direct fuel injection which often breaks down, the ignition coil is also frequently damaged, and the high pressure fuel pump is causing problems.

And what about the diesel engine? Unfortunately, BMW diesel engines, like most modern cars, suffer from equipment failure. What’s broken in it? First of all: common rail injector, double mass flywheel, crankshaft pulley, sometimes the turbocharger gets stuck and the time chain quickly runs out.

Those who mostly drive around the city should skip the more powerful version of the diesel unit which is equipped with a diesel particulate filter. In city traffic, these elements are bound to get clogged up very quickly, and unfortunately, the replacement costs are several thousand dollars.


The BMW 3 Series E90 / E91 / E92 / E93 is certainly not a cheap car to maintain, but well, if you want to drive a premium car you have to take higher operating costs into account. The larger the machine size, the greater the risk of serious failure. This principle applies primarily to diesel engines, but also to gasoline engines with direct fuel injection.

What do we get from the BMW 3 in return for the money spent on this service? Prestige, rich equipment (depending on the version), but above all excellent handling and a lot of driving pleasure. The advantage of the BMW 3 Series is undoubtedly the large choice of engine versions and a rather conservative predatory style.

Jaguar S-Type Review Specs, Engine, Pros And Cons

What do you associate the British brand Jaguar S-Type with? With prestige? With luxury? Or maybe with a heavy failure rate? To dispel all the guesswork and guesswork, we decided to look at the eccentric E-segment limousine under the sign of the predatory cat, which is an attractive alternative to BMW, Audi or Mercedes. See what to know about the S-Type model before buying it.

Jaguar S-Type Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

S-Type History

The history of this car begins in the 1960s, when the first S-Type model based on the Mark II left the Jaguar factory, it was a luxury limousine with a very distinctive design, clearly referring to its modern version. The round headlights, the distinctive curves of the bonnet and the flat rear body give the car a sense of the spirit of history, and that’s the essence of the Jaguar.

The new S-Type was introduced for the first time in 1998. Four years later, the British manufacturer decided to modify the front suspension, increasing the car’s durability and traction. That same year, a sporty R 395 horsepower version appeared in the offering. In 2004, the car underwent a slight facelift, and in 2008 the S-Type was replaced by the modern XF model.

S-Type Specs

The drive, like the Jaguar, is moved only to the rear axle. The S-Type engine can be mated to a 5 and 6 speed manual transmission or a 4, 5- or 6 speed automatic transmission. The suspension uses a multi-link system both at the front and rear.

S-Type Engine


  • V6 2.5 (200 hp)
  • V6 3.0 (238 hp)
  • V8 4.0 (281 hp)
  • V8 4.2 (298 hp)
  • V8 4.2 compressor (395 hp) version R


  • V6 2.7D 207hp

Jaguar S-Type Problems & Reliability

How durable are the machines mentioned above? Unfortunately, the Jaguar S-Type is not a very popular car on the streets and therefore there is not much opinion about the engine installed in this model. In the case of gasoline engines, we recommend not buying cars with V8 engine manufactured before 2000 due to unstable cylinder surfaces, damage that can lead to engine spasms.

Fortunately, this problem does not apply to V6 engines, but the ignition coil can be damaged in any gasoline engine. If we wanted to buy a Jaguar diesel engine, we only had the option of one 2.7 liter engine from PSA Concern, which in Jaguar was already equipped with two turbochargers. The TwinTurbo system used increases the service cost if repairs are possible.

What’s the biggest problem with this S-Type? First of all, electronics and electricity. Failure of elements such as: electric windows, central locking, electric seat adjustment, navigation touch screen, reversing sensors, and sometimes an alarm system. Suspension is also not one of the main strengths of this car, especially at the front.

In used cars manufactured before 2002, due to an unfavorable design, the lower ball joint and two parts of the forearm were badly damaged. On newer cars, the suspension has been slightly modified, but despite the greater durability of the new system, the problems mentioned above may arise, but with a slightly higher mileage. Be careful with automatic transmissions in 2002-2003 cars, where the solenoid can be damaged.


The Jaguar S-Type is a prestigious class car that still stands out among German limousines. It’s not a proposition for everyone, some won’t like the design, while others will complain about the low-quality interior materials and many common switches that Ford borrowed.

When buying this car, we couldn’t count on a large trunk (400 liters), low fuel consumption (the V8 engine can burn about 25 liters of gasoline per 100 km in the city) and low maintenance costs. The rear-wheel drive, pure engine sound and original design made the S-Type very enjoyable to drive and aroused interest among other drivers. We’ll buy the cheapest used S-Type for around $ 5,200.

What is Volvo PowerPulse Mean?

The Volvo PowerPulse is a simple solution for eliminating the turbo-lag phenomenon via pulses of compressed air to the turbocharger. The Swedish company, Volvo, had stated that their engine would not have a capacity of more than 2,000 cm³, and thus had problems building a small unit that would perform well in a high-end car.

Volvo PowerPulse Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

The large XC90, S90, and V90 models require high torque values ​​and instant gas response to match their larger 6-cylinder, liter-capacity competitors. The engineers used a sequential dual turbocharger boost system and a smart and simple PowerPulse system on the 2.0-liter diesel engine.

The principle of operation of the PowerPulse system

A two liter compressed air tank is attached to the power unit. The electric compressor pulls it from the intake system and forces it into the tank. It is used when the engine has heavy loads in the low RPM range, where the turbocharger cannot immediately produce high thrust pressure.

The driver presses the gas and the system activates a valve in the tank which forces air into the exhaust manifold through the turbine wheels. This helps it accelerate faster and, according to Volvo engineers, deliver high torque faster than the competing 3.0-liter 6-cylinder engine.

Renault Nissan 2.0 dCi (M9R) Engine Review, Specs, Pros And Cons

After many mistakes from the 1.9 dCi engine, the company immediately decided to build a new (M9R) 2.0 dCi diesel engine which this time was refined. The famous diesel engine from Renault is the underdeveloped and extremely problematic 1.9 dCi engine that was installed on, among others, the Renault Laguna II and the Renault Megane II. Turbochargers that wear out quickly and a number of other ailments have effectively destroyed the reputation of the French car brand.

Renault 2.0 dCi Nissan M9R Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

2.0 dCI (M9R) Specs

Both Renault and Nissan – a concern the French have had for a long time – participated in work on the 2.0 dCi (M9R). The combined experience of the two brands resulted in the above mentioned unit sales in 2005.

For the first time, it appeared in the Laguna line-up after the facelift, providing a completely different level of driving from the famous 1.9 dCi. The new engine is combined only with a six-speed gearbox. At the time of its market debut, the 2.0 dCI (M9R) was without a doubt one of the most modern designs that can compete with any player in its class.

Four inline cylinders are closed with a 16 valve cylinder head. The turbocharger in each version is equipped with a variable blade geometry, and in the most powerful variants the turbine has an additional liquid cooling system. Two camshafts, a Bosch piezo injector, electronic EGR valve and a durable chain-based timing system complete the package.

2.0 dCI (M9R) Engine Problems & Reliability

France has always been at the forefront of pro-ecological technological innovation. Both PSA and Renault very quickly began installing diesel particulate filters in their diesel engines. In the case of 2.0 dCi (M9R), only in the 130 HP version the filter is not present in every case (150, 170, 175 and 180 HP versions are still available). Fortunately, the DPF developed by French engineers was not very difficult, and more importantly, did not incur any unexpected costs.

Filters do not require any additional services. Every few hundred kilometers, the contents were automatically burned, thanks to which the entire device worked flawlessly for many years. In a problematic situation, when the filter is clogged due to car use only for short distances in city traffic, in-service cleaning will be required. Such an operation costs about $ 250.

Durable DPF Filter

According to Renault specialists, the life of the filter is estimated at about 200,000 kilometers. After this, a replacement of nearly $ 1,000 might be required. However, among users, we can meet many opinions which confirm the robustness of this system. Many cars have traveled 300,000-350,000 km and the DPF is still functioning properly.

Faulty EGR Valve Problem

Compared to competing designs, 2.0 dCi (M9R) looks really good. However, like any modern diesel, we cannot count on failure-free and trouble-free operation. A typical fault of the model from early production was a stuck EGR valve. Cleaning usually helps.

Only in extreme cases, the solution is a replacement which will cost around $ 300- $ 350. Manual gears mated to a French engine are equipped with a double-mass flywheel which can last around 150,000-250,000 km when operated properly. After this time, we should prepare for a double-mass replacement with a clutch of nearly $ 550.

Durable Injection System

The French engine injection system turned out to be a real surprise. Contrary to Japanese or German designs, the injector does not give up after traveling 200,000–250,000 km. Mechanics report that the injection unit is much more durable. The prerequisite is the use of good quality fuel. It is likely that regeneration will cost about $ 150 per piece. There are used cars where this element works well up to 400,000-450,000 km.

Fuel Efficient

The real magnet for potential buyers of 2.0 dCi (M9R) is the dynamics and low diesel consumption. In urban traffic, the second generation lagoon is satisfied with a portion of less than 7 liters per 100 km, while on the highway we will reduce the value to 4.5–5 liters per hundred without much difficulty. With a 70 liter fuel tank we have a range of more than 1,200 kilometers. In the lighter and smaller Renault Megane, the average consumption is approximately one liter.


When buying a car with a used 2.0 dCi (M9R) engine, you should be careful with “adjustable” metered items. For this reason, at least, let’s look for a car with a certain service history, confirmed by a reliable mechanic who is aware of all the described adversities of the engine. French diesel that is reasonably operated will cover a distance of 400,000-500,000 kilometers without major problems.

Volkswagen Tiguan Review Specs, Engine And History

One of the most attractive and still relatively fresh proposals from the German brand is the compact Tiguan SUV. If you don’t like SUVs from Japan or the United States, then you really have no other choice but to look at what your Western neighbors have to offer. In the late 90’s we would not have thought that a conservative brand like Volkswagen would in a few years offer so many models with such diverse bodies.

VW Tiguan Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

Tiguan History

The first Volkswagen SUV (Touareg) was presented in 2002. His competition was the BMW X5 or Mercedes ML, which then dominated this segment. The car was quite successful, so Germany decided to follow the blow and launched another, smaller model – the Tiguan.

His name was chosen by readers in a poll organized by the German magazine “AutoBild”. Proposals such as Samun, Rockton, Nanuk and Namib were rejected. The name chosen is a combination of the words “tiger” and “iguana”. A concept version of this compact SUV was launched in December 2006 at the Los Angeles Motor Show.

The car was presented a year later at the Frankfurt Motor Show. Volkswagen offered this model unchanged until 2011. That’s when Germany decided that the Tiguan would be modified to fit the new style, starting with the Passat B7.

What has changed? The entire front apron was renovated: the headlights, radiator grille and bumpers were replaced. On the back, only the lights that got the uniform red color were changed. The car is still on offer and so far there has been no indication that Volkswagen will reveal a replacement anytime soon. The car was produced in Germany, Russia, China and Vietnam.

Tiguan Specs

There are models on the market with two types of drive: in some cars the torque is transferred only to the front wheels, and in others to the four wheels. The latter is a system in which the drive is separated via a Haldex coupling. The Tiguan’s front suspension uses MacPherson struts, and the rear has independent wishbones.

Tiguan Engine


  • R4 1.4 TSI (122, 150–160 hp)
  • R4 2.0 TSI (170, 180, 200–211 hp)


  • R4 2.0 TDI CR (110, 140, 170–177 hp)

There are three gearboxes to choose from: 6-speed automatic and manual, and a 7-speed DSG automatic dual clutch transmission. In the Euro NCAP crash test the car was rated very well – 5 stars.

VW Tiguan Problems & Reliability

Manufacturers always offer a wide variety of engines for German cars. Tiguan is no exception. It’s true that there are only three power units, but in different versions. Which variety should you choose? If you don’t like visiting gas stations too often, you’ll want to buy diesel. Some of you might think that a 2 liter diesel engine is a machine that has many factory defects, but this is simply not true. The 2.0 TDI CR engine installed in the Tiguan has a more modern design with the Common Rail injection system, which fortunately does not cause as many problems as its predecessor with the unit injector.

Unfortunately, even in it, a double-mass flywheel can break or the turbocharger consumes – the higher the power, the greater the risk of such failure. You have to be careful with DPF particulate filters, which can become clogged. The sensors responsible for its operation are also unreliable. Diesels will pay you back with pretty good dynamics (especially the version with a power over 110 HP) and low fuel consumption, from about 7 to more than 9 l / 100 km in the city.

Apart from the diesel engine, the engine range includes a turbocharged petrol unit, which is no longer as reliable as the Volkswagen design a few years ago. 1.4 TSI is a variant with some serious factory flaws. Regardless of the power, the time chain tensioner breaks, which causes it to stretch. In some cars the injection system failure occurs.

The drawback of the higher version is a defect in the magnetic coupling of the water pump – fortunately in 2010 this defect was eliminated. The piston also breaks sometimes. The 1.4 TSI engine variant poses the least amount of problems, but often buying a Tiguan with this machine is a lottery.

However, that doesn’t mean this engine doesn’t have advantages! Its advantages are excellent dynamics (almost imperceptible turbo lag) and fuel consumption from 7 to more than 9 l / 100 km. And how is the operation of the 2.0 TSI engine? The only problem may be carbon deposits on the valve. Apart from that, you shouldn’t worry too much about this engine, but when choosing one, you should take into account the fuel consumption of 13 to 15 liters / 100 km in the city. It delivers sensational performance: in less than 8 seconds from 0 to 100 km / hr.

Many Volkswagen buyers expect long, trouble-free operations. Unfortunately, it’s not always sunny. On the Tiguan, the electric power steering breaks down the most. Another concern has had the opportunity to use this solution.

Another common problem with this model is the annoying sound from the front of the suspension. Determining the cause is not an easy task, not even the official services can solve it. Attention! Before buying a German SUV, make sure to look under the car and carefully inspect the chassis, especially at the joints, you can already see the first signs of corrosion.

It is also necessary to check the condition of the propeller shaft support, because the durability of these components varies on the Volkswagen Tiguan. If you decide on the version with a DSG gearbox, you will need to keep track of the transmission oil change date. If you ignore it, you can expect the mechatronics, grips, or bearings to fail. The cost of eliminating all of these problems can be several thousand dollars.


The Volkswagen Tiguan’s choice in the used car market is quite large. When searching on auction portals, you will find that these items are worth around $ 8,000 to $ 20,000. Used cars that are offered by sellers for less than $ 16,000 often run into serious trouble. So you have to be patient and keep looking. The advantages of this model are attractive machine pallets, rich equipment, good quality materials inside (apart from some plastic ones).

Driving comfort is also at a high level. The biggest drawback of this design is the 1.4 TSI engine, the high price of most used cars, a few flaws and a less sophisticated interior style. If you are afraid of the higher operating costs associated with four-wheel drive, choose a Tiguan with an FWD system – that’s enough. If the previous owner has used the car for off-road, it will definitely impact your pocket.

Citroën C3 Review, Specs, Engine And History

If you are looking for a small, spacious and comfortable car, the Citroën C3 will be the right choice for you. There is only a matter of design and failure rate. It’s true that tastes are not discussed, so let’s say you accept the style of this model. But what about the reliability of this French car brand? Is this car easily damaged?

Citroën C3 Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

Citroën C3 History

Over the years, Citroën has not only specialized in large, comfortable limos like the previous DS, or now the C6, and the DS5. Apart from representative cars, France always offers agile city cars. One of the most recognizable small cars in the history of this brand is the so-called “Duck”, namely the 2CV model, which is adored by many fans to this day and that is not surprising.

The shape is as characteristic as the body of the Porsche 911, it cannot be mistaken for another car. Unfortunately, the style of the successor to the 2CV model was increasingly different from the brilliant original, until 2002. That’s when Citroën decided to build a car that resembles its big brother 2CV in body shape. Jean-Pierre Ploué and Donato Coco started designing it.

A year after the launch of the new C3 model, a stylish convertible named Pluriel joined the offering. In 2004, an off-road version appeared in several markets, but unfortunately lacked 4 × 4 drive. However, it used its own locking differential as compensation.

A year later, the car underwent a minor facelift, so consumers could also choose a new upholstery color. Since modernization, the Citroën C3 was produced without changes until 2009, when the successor made its debut. The 2-door alternative to the C3 is the C2 model I have written about.

Citroën C3 Specs

Regardless of the Citroën C3 version, power is always transferred to the front wheels even in a version called the X-TR off-road. There are 3 gearboxes to choose from: 5-speed manual, 4-speed automatic or 5-speed automatic.

The front suspension features a traditional support layout and the rear has a torsion beam which is very popular in this class. In the Euro NCAP crash test, the car got a score of 4 stars.

Citroën C3 Engine


  • R4 1.1 (60-61 hp)
  • R4 1.4 (75, 88-90 hp)
  • R4 1.6 (109 hp)


  • R4 1.4 HDI (68, 79–92 hp)
  • R4 1.6 HDI (90–110 hp)

Citroën C3 Problems & Reliability

The gasoline engine is a sturdy structure that does not cause major problems in operation. They also have another very important advantage – the fuel consumption is also low, especially the base unit 1.1 and 1.4 L. However, I would advise against buying the Citroën C3 with the base engine due to the lack of dynamics.

Of course, this is not a fast car, but from time to time we have to overtake trucks or buses. In those situations, 1.1 liters is not that great. Hence, it would be much better to go for the 1.4 or 1.6 l variant, as these machines are also less of a problem. However, sometimes, there are cases of damage to: ignition coil or idle speed stepper motor. Sometimes oil leaks also occur.

How about a diesel engine? In terms of dynamics, the diesel engine drives this small car quite efficiently thanks to its high maximum torque. Unfortunately, most of the machines offered on the market struggle with many serious failures and require additional investment.

What is faults? As with most modern diesel engines, the following is damaged: the intercooler, common rail injector, turbocharger, or flywheel of double mass on the 1.6 HDI engine. Oil leaks also occurred in the 1.4 HDI engine. If the upper case of the engine is completely clean, then you need to be careful – that’s how leaks are usually camouflaged.

Electronics and electricity are the most problematic. Poorly secured cable corrosion drives on-board devices completely insane. Flashing indicators, a problem with the BSI comfort computer or the AC panel are typical symptoms of the problem.

On the suspension, the suspension arm pins and stabilizer link are the most commonly used, and the rear shock absorbers are also durable. You should also regularly check the connections of the driveshaft, and more precisely the covers, which like to break quickly.


The Citroën C3 is an economical city car with a sizable and practical interior whose maintenance won’t cost you a lot. Unfortunately, choosing diesel always carries a high risk of damage. Service for petrol vehicles is much cheaper. The strength of the Citroën C3 is also its high comfort and affordable price. The design is your own to evaluate.

Cars do not encourage you to drive fast, they are not built for that, but they do well on busy city roads. On the used car market, the cheapest is available for around $ 3,200, the most expensive is up to $ 7,800.

Citroën XM Review, Specs, Engine And History

If any of your friends wanted to buy a Citroën XM now, you’re sure to blow your head and say you have to take another one. It’s just that this eccentric French car brand has something different, which you won’t find in its competitors.

Citroën XM Engine Specs Reviews Problems Reliability

Citroën XM History

Citroën XM, designed by studio Bertone, was presented in 1989 and production started at the same time. The car was supposed to be an alternative to German competition. In fact, unfortunately, never had a direct fight with them for a client, and it just became a niche model chosen by eccentrics or connoisseurs. In 1990, XM won first place in the European Car of the Year competition.

Out of a desire to increase sales, in 1994 France decided to modernize its cars. The interior has been revamped, the suspension characteristics have been changed to improve the car’s road behavior, and the rear torsion wheel system has been adapted from the Xantia model.

Citroën XM Specs

Drive is transmitted to the front axle wheels – a typical solution for French cars of this class. When choosing a gearbox, there are only two gears, namely a 5-speed manual transmission and a 4-speed automatic. The XM features an electronically controlled Hydractive hydropnuematic suspension at the front and rear. Interestingly, this suspension can work in two modes which change its Comfort and Sport characteristics. The car is offered in liftback and station wagon versions.

Citroën XM Engine


  • R4 2.0 (110, 116, 121 – 132 hp)
  • R4 2.0 Turbo (145 – 147 hp)
  • V6 2.9 (190 hp)
  • V6 3.0 (167, 170 – 200 hp)


  • R4 2.1 D12 (80 hp)
  • R4 2.1 Turbo D (109 hp)
  • R4 2.1 Turbo D12 (110 hp)
  • R4 2.5 Turbo D (129 hp)

Power is also increased, acceleration is increased, and each unit is equipped with a driver airbag. Unfortunately, despite these efforts, the Citroën XM sold even worse, but France was restricted and could be bought in showrooms until 2000. In about 10 years of production, only 330,000 units of this model were sold.

Citroën XM Problems & Reliability

The biggest problem with possibly all XM engines is oil leaks, especially in the places between the gearbox and the engine, as well as troublesome equipment failures. For those on a budget, the optimal choice is the 109 HP 2.1 Turbo D variant, which doesn’t make the XM a rally car, but its flexibility and dynamics are surprisingly good.

Drivers looking for the pleasure of fast driving should choose the V6 from the top model, thanks to the XM reaching the first hundred in 8.6 seconds and a top speed of 235 km / h. It should be noted, however, that this engine is not fuel efficient, but is said to perform well with LPG systems.

What are the most frequent damages to this car? First of all, problems with the electrical installation from Bosch, which can effectively provoke damage to other on-board devices and systems, not to mention the total immobilization of this car. Fortunately, the problem was largely resolved in the stylized unit.

Sure you would find it hard to believe, but both the hydropneumatic suspension system, steering and brake fluid use one and unfortunately a fairly common pump is fickle. For your safety, you should regularly check the liquid level, because due to cable leaks it sometimes leaks.

Unfortunately, this isn’t the only problem with suspensions. Sometimes the hydraulic pump controller also breaks. However, it must be remembered that the proper use of LHM fluids must extend the life of the components, of course the hydropneumatic components. We advise against using other alternative fluids.

Most people who are looking for a mid-range car choose automatic transmission, unfortunately if we choose Citroën XM with such a transmission after driving several thousand kilometers, we will regret our decision very much. If there were no failures in this used car during operation, it would be just luck.

Particular attention should also be paid to the cooling system pipes, which may already be damaged – the car from the start of production is already many years old. If we pay attention to the engine overheating, chances are that some of the liquid has been lost from our car’s cooling system.


Many people will see the Citroën XM as a car without any advantages. It’s just an appearance! Of course, this is not a car without problems, but it also has some undeniable advantages. First of all, this car has sensational soundproofing and provides high driving comfort even for German cars.

Apart from the perfect suspension, all of them are equipped with very comfortable seats, and all this makes driving in the car pure relaxation – this is what its competitors don’t have. Used car prices range from $ 460 to around $ 3,200, and unfortunately there are not very many cars on the market.

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