Hi, automotive lovers! Have you considered about Ford Engine reviews and it’s specification? It is a new technology, guys! Let’s jump to the automotive world right here!
Did you know the largest motor company in North America? Yeah, that is right. It is Ford Motor Company which stands in the third position of the US market. The company produces a widespread series of cars and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand.
Specifically, this company produces diesel engines and gasoline for commercial vehicles, cars and trucks. Hence, Ford Engines are very trustworthy. At the same moment, Ford uses the latest technology in their engines design and production. Better, follow our explanation right here.
In this article, you can get a full overview and specifications of Ford Engines. The most eminent information was brought to introduce you this new technology in the automotive product. Let’s update your knowledge about the Ford Engine’s specification and its features! Keep reading!
The Specification of Ford Engines
Ford Engine has numerous specifications so in this article you will be given its overview one by one. Below is the Ford Engines specification:
1. Ford 1.0L EcoBoost l-3 Engine
1.0L EcoBoost l-3 Engine isa direct fuel-injected engine, 1.0-liter inline three-cylinder gasoline turbocharged,and it is completed with an electronically controlled variable displacement oil pump. This type is also considered as the smallest of Ford’s EcoBoost family engine.
Firstly, it was available in 2012 in the Ford Focus and C-Max. The manufacturers of Ford Engine also boost the system of lubrication to improve the competence of the engine. The characteristics of this engine are very suitable with many kinds of the vehicle from the small hatchback Ford Fiesta to a mid-size car like Ford Mondeo.
Moreover, its unbalanced flywheel and front pulley will refuse the use of a balance shaft. Its engine works smoothly without spending energy on the balance shaft rotation. Besides, the Ford Company also introduces the aspirated versions, the 1.0l Fox engine with direct fuel injection or multiport fuel injection.
Substantively, what makes this one of Ford Engines specs so powerful is its turbocharger. Its operation is accomplished by Bosch MED17 control unit with CAN-Bus and Individual cylinder knock control. The design of Ecoboost engine is an open-deck design cylinder block made from grey cast iron that is heavier than aluminium material yet condenses the amount of energy required for warm-up by up to 50% which has positive effects.
Likewise, there is cast aluminium inside the engine block. Meanwhile, there is an aluminium alloy 12-valve cylinder head, on the top of the block. The exhaust manifold is inserted into the cylinder head section which lowers the exhaust gas temperature and warms the engine faster when cold starts.
2. Ford 1.5L EcoBoost GTDI I-4 Engine
This type is the new EcoBoost family engine in 2013 which has the 1.0 liter Ecoboost i-3 design DNA. By experiencing the previous problems on 1.6l EcoBoost engine, Ford created this 1.5l with the latest Ford’s advanced technologies for EcoBoost engine. However, both types are having similarities.
The 1.5l EcoBoost engine has aluminium cylinder block with cast iron sleeves like in the 1.6 EcoBoost version. Moreover, it has an open-deck design which creates it into an efficient cooling. This engine was completed with a new cast iron crankshaft with 4 counterweights and 5 main bearings.
Substantively, this version is very well-organized for the reason that there a combination of direct fuel injection and turbocharger. For the engine operation, this engine is handled by an electronic drive-by-wire throttle body and Bosch MED17 ECU. In 2018, a new 1.5-liter engine based on the 3-cylinder designed the 1.5l-3 EcoBoost Dragon engine which is introduced by Ford Company.
3. Ford 1.6L Duratec-TI-VCT Engine
The third spec of Ford Engine is the version of 1.6L Duratec which is completed with a variable valve timing system, new software, new intake manifold and other pistons. It is produced in partnership with the Japanese company, Yamaha in 2004 until now. This engine is very light which uses aluminium as its cylinder block. On the top of aluminium, there is the 16-valve two-camshaft aluminium head.
4. Ford 1.6L Duratorq DLD-416 TDCI Engine
The Ford 1.6L Duratorq TDCI diesel engine is the next spec of Ford Engine that you should know. It has excellent reliability. So, cars which use this engine will go over 100,000 miles without getting any troubles. Its one serious problem is the turbo failure.
Actually, this diesel engine is widespread and used by not only Ford but also PSA, Volvo, Mazda, Mini and Suzuki. This version belongs to small four-cylinder diesel engine named as the DLD that includes the 1.4L DLD-414 and the 1.8L DLD-418. DLD engine is manufactured by the UK. The design of the 1.6L TDCI engine uses light aluminium alloy as its cylinder block. This engine is well-appointed with an intercooler and variable geometry turbocharger Garret GT15.
5. Ford 1.6L EcoBoost GTDI Engine
In 2010, Ford Company also introduced the 1.6L EcoBoost version in the Ford Focus and Ford C-Max which was developed according to the Downsizing strategy and stand as the first turbocharged engine. This spec of Ford engine is the four-cylinder gasoline turbocharged engine with the direct injection fuel system.
Additionally, its engine cylinder block uses open-deck design and made from high-strength aluminium alloy. The design which uses an open-deck design will help lower weight and boost cooling balance. The engine block is also equipped with a very thin cast iron sleeves into aluminium cylinder walls directly, four counterweights and five main bearings, aluminium hypereutectic pistons, and forged connecting rods.
The turbocharger is a key EcoBoost engines component and the 1.6L version has a high-response Borg-Warner KP39 low-inertia turbocharger devoted to an unconnected cast iron exhaust manifold. On the other hand, this engine also has disadvantages such as high power, low fuel consumption, etc.
One of them is the overheating problem which includes the biggest trouble that has been already elucidated on new vehicles. Also, the owners report that the engine begins to consume coolant without any found reason. Moreover, the coolant level from full to low which leads to the coolant warning light.
6. Ford 2.0L Duratec HE Engine
This type of Ford Engine has a bigger bore than the 1.8L. For this 2.0L was designed by Japanese company Mazda. The fuel consumption is the same amount, but the engine itself is more torque, quieter and more powerful. There are also timing chain drive, which considerablydevelops reliability.
All engines have a trouble fragility camshaft seals. Frequently, the thermostat breaks before 60 thous, miles, and the engine are not heated or even overheats. You as well need to monitor the state of the spark wells, in circumstance of oil, it is required to replace the gasket or tighten the valve cover-up. If, after 3000 rev/min machine rejects to go and there is a Check Engine issue, then it is time to change the intake manifold flaps control valve.
Taking everything into consideration, every 100-150 miles you have to correct the valve clearances, for the reason that the lack of the lash on Duratec HE 2.0. Parenthetically, there is no lash on engines of Ford Focus 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0 at all. Apart from all these little things, 2 liters – is a very reliable and decent motorbike because it is one of the best engines among Ford Duratec. The motor was substituted by his restyling version Duratec HE GDI Ti-VCTwith variable valve timing, 150 hp in 2010.
7. Ford 2.0L EcoBoost GTDI Engine
Ford 2.0L EcoBoost GTDI or Gasoline Turbocharged Direct Injection means an engine with 2.0L four-cylinder gasoline turbocharged engine which is completed with direct fuel injection. Ford 2.0L EcoBoost GTDI Engine is currently offered in many Ford’s engines globally, including Focus ST, Edge, Fusion, Escape, Taurus, Explorer, The Mondeo and S-Max in the European market.
This kind of Ford Engine includes two generations already since it is reestablished in 2015. The design of 2.0L EcoBoost GTDI Engine is using open-deck design with a cylinder block with a high strength steel sleeve moulded-in block material. This block material is well-appointed with a cast-iron crankshaft, 8 counterweight and 5 main bearings.
Furthermore, each cylinder of 2.0 EcoBoost GTDI Engine has 7 holes injector which shoots up fuel directly into the combustion chamber. The high-pressure fuel pump is attached on the top of the cylinder head and driven by a four-sided camshaft lobe.
Meanwhile, for the problems and reliability, the 2.0L EcoBoost GTD Engine does not have big problems. However, there are still some car owners faced some issues over the production years. Additionally, the turbocharger control valve failure becomes the most common issue.
The engine fails power and the message “check engine” appears on the dashboard. When the ignition will be turned off and on again, the error message goes.The control valve replacement is needed to fix this problem.
8. Ford 2.3L EcoBoost Engine
In 2015, together with the second generation of 2.0L EcoBoost, Ford Company introduced the new Ford Engine spec, 2.3L EcoBoost version. In other words, the 2.3L EcoBoost is the 2.0 EcoBoost Gen 2 engine based. It can be called a “stroker”. This version is the most influential four-cylinder engine in the EcoBoost family.
Likewise, the engines are established in Valencia, Spain. Yet, the 2.3L version was greatly stimulated to be able to control the enlarged power output and serve thousands of reliable miles.
The engine of 2.3L version is created around a high-pressure die-cast open deck aluminium cylinder block whereas, for the bore size and deck height same with the 2.0L, 2.3L version has enlarged oil, structural ladder frame and cooling passages with incorporated main bearing caps.
There is an aluminium cylinder head with 4 valves, spark plug, 2 chain-driven camshafts and 1 GDI fuel injector on the top of the block.
The displacement which is increased was achieved by applying new forged 4340 steel crankshaft with 94 mm stroke. Additionally, this engine uses forged steel connecting rods and lightweight high-strength pistons with steel piston ring carriers and completely floating pins.
9. Ford 2.7L EcoBoost Engine
This type is turbocharged with a direct-injection gasoline engine. Similar to other EcoBoost power engine, the 2.7L EcoBoost version is designed to deliver comparable power of large displacement.
Substantively, this version was introduced as a new engine for the Ford F-150 in 2015. Then, the engine was gained widespread use among Lincoln’s and Ford’s cars including, Fusion sport, Ford Edge Sport and Lincoln MKX, Continental.
There are two pieces of the engine block which consists of the lower and upper block. The lower block is made of die-cast aluminium ladder frame bolted to the iron block and the additional engine stiffness, the bearing caps.
The lower part of the aluminium frame is wrapped by a combined oil pan. Moreover, this engine had IFC (Integrated Front Cover) which includes oil passages, oil filter, an integrated water pump, cam passing and accessory drive components.
Meanwhile, for the upper block is made of compacted graphite iron which the cylinder with the split main bearing caps consist of the crankshaft, individual piston cooling jets, pistons and offset l-beam connecting rods.
For the 2.7L EcoBoost Engine problems and reliability, this spec also has short problems and no common issues at low range. Currently, there are not very often blown head gaskets reports, leaking plastic oil pan and replacing cylinder heads under license.
However, it could be happened with any new engine because of the possible parts failure or inappropriate assembly. Besides, the second generation is potentially more reliable and balanced due to its added port injection which is more ideal for turbocharged engines that will avoid from a carbon buildup and intake ports walls.
Furthermore, direct injectors are more involved directly in combustion. Similar to the most turbocharged engines, this 2.7L Ford Engine also requires the top quality of synthetic oil. In this circumstance, it is more likely to become fouled and require to be cleaned or, replaced in the most awful scenario.
10. Ford 3.0L Power Stroke Engine
This version of Ford Engine is a 3.0L V6 turbo diesel engine which has two turbochargers and a high-pressure common rail fuel injection system. It is introduced as the new powerful engine option for top-selling in 2018.
3.0L has a machine block made of solid graphite iron which saves weight, serves to keep the dry weight of the machine within 500 lbs. Its block engine has 60 degrees angle between cylinder banks.
There is a new forged steel crankshaft, lightweight aluminium alloy pistons for durability and strength in the inside of it. Meanwhile, in each piston bottom side, there is piston oil jets spray oil which promoting additional longevity and lowering temperature.
Substantively, 3.0L type serves an economical and practical balance between fuel economy and performance. The total number of lightweight aluminium cylinder heads in 3L Power Stroke Engine is 4 valves per cylinder. This engine is completed with new variable geometry turbocharger performing a ball bearing design and by electronic means actuated wastegate.
However, this engine has some serious issues with bursting crankshafts which is caused by improper oil, a design mistake, insufficient oil pump performance, and incomplete oil change. The type of 3.0L Power Stroke Engine is an expensive option due to the price of diesel fuel is more expensive than gasoline.
11. Ford 3.5L Duratec/Ti-VCT Engine
This engine is using a naturally aspirated gasoline engine. It was introduced in 2006 for Lincoln MKX and Ford Edge. It is also available for the Cyclone series version, 3.7L Ti VCT V6 engine. Moreover, 3.5L Duratec was used by Mazda in 2007-2016.
The design of this version is all from aluminium which has a cast aluminium alloy open-deck type cylinder block with fully floating cast-in liners at the top. This Ford Engine version shares the equal bore and stroke grouping as the popular 3.5L EcoBoost.
It is also equipped with a forged crankshaft, lightweight, strong connecting rods and low-friction aluminium pistons. However, this engine has some serious issue related to the failure of a water pump which is driven by the timing chain. The design of this engine has two major issues.
First, a bad water pump will leak for some time, and you may not notice this awaiting the level of coolant descents, then turn to overheat. Second, the leaked coolant ends up in the engine oil and create an emulsion and triggering lubricant lack for all internal components and this is very bad for any engine.
To get the water pump out, you need to remove the front cover, the pulleys and timing chains. Hence, it is very labour rigorous to change and as a result, is not a cheap job. Generally, this spec of Ford engine is a full satisfactory engine for good on power and gas mileage.
12. Ford 3.5L EcoBoost Engine
The name TwinForce was first introduced in 2007, the 3.5L EcoBoost is a 3.5 liter V6 gasoline engine that is injected directly and turbocharged. Behind this power unit the main idea is the creation of a solid alternative to large-displacement V8 engines including the V8 coyote source engine.
The new turbocharged 3.5L V6 engine offersthe same power and torque to an aspirated 6.0L V8 with emissions of harmful substances to air and less fuel consumption. Ever since the beginning of production in 2009 and further extension lead of using this engine in Ford’s vehicles, the widespread platform for this V6 engine became Ford’s best-seller – the Ford F-150.
Substantively, the 3.5 EcoBoost is manufactured around the Duratec 35 (Ford Cyclone V6 engine) engine block with the similar bore and stroke dimensions. The design of the EcoBoost block is using all aluminium and an open-deck design with high strength steel sleeves. The engine is well-appointed with forged steel crankshaft with 6-bolt main bearing caps and forged steel I-beam connecting rods.
The main component that gives outstanding performance is a turbocharger. The 3.5 EcoBoost is using twin parallel mounted Borg Warner K03 turbochargers for truck version and Garrett GT15 for other applications.
They are variable-vane, smaller, high-pressure turbos agree to peak torque faster (at just 2,500 rpm), and dropping turbo lag. 90 % its peak torque is between 1,550 and 5,500 pm.
Turbochargers are involved in high strength cast iron low internal volume exhaust manifolds. After turbochargers, exhaust gases drive-through fast cat-converters to hold onto low emissions. The consumption of manifold, stock intercooler end tanks, and charge pipes are made of plastic.
Besides, similar to other Ford Engine, this 3.5L EcoBoost also gets some issues and reliability. The 3.5-liter EcoBoost engine has recognized itself on the virtuous side in its reliability. A lot of these engines brought hundreds of thousands of miles deprived of a single breakdown and still working. But let’s try to highlight several failures and problems that happened with these engines.
The first issue is related to the sensitive timing chain to the condition of oil. Moreover, turbocharged engines are very destructive to the engine oil and it is very essential to not license the recommendation of the transformation of oil intervals. Worn-out oil inside the 3.5 EcoBoost can damage the guides, timing chain, and its tensioner.
Due to this factor, the second-gen engine got more reliable timing chain. The following issue is general to all engines with direct fuel injection – a carbon accumulation on the backside of the consumption valves and walls of the consumption ports.
Even though port injection system injects fuel before consumption valves and fuel also performs as a direct-injected engine, cleaner from soot and dust suffer from a shortage of a natural cleaning progression in the consumption what rootsthe restricted airflow, increased fuel consumption and loss of power. The advanced engine already got an additional port injection which excludes this issue.
13. Ford 3.7L V6 Duratec/Ti-VCT Engine
Appeared in 2007, the 3.7-liter version out of Ford’s Cyclone V6 engine family, this type was known as Ford Duratec 37, also was being manufactured by Mazda and initially used in the 2008 Mazda CX-9 under the name of MZI 3.7.
Ford Company used this 3.7L V6 engine in a variety of heavy Ford’s and Lincoln’s vehicle models (SUVs, Pickups and full-size sedans). Surrounded by them are the Ford F150, Ford Edge Sport, Lincoln MKT, and Lincoln MKS. The 3.7 Cyclone V6 became a standard engine in the Ford Mustang substituting the 4.0L Cologne V6 in 2011.
With contemporary architecture, the 3.7L Duratec has a cast aluminium alloy cylinder block which also has a changeable rear main seal cover plate and a structural rear sump cast aluminium oil pan. The supplementary displacement derives from an increased bore size by 3.0 mm relating to the 3.5-liter version.
The cylinders feature cast-in liners and at the top of the engine block (open-deck type) are floating entirely. The engine is well-appointed with a forged crankshaft made from 4130 alloy steel cast-in piston oil squirters, and 6-bolt billet steel main caps.
In aluminium-alloy cylinder heads, there are four valves per cylinder and two chain-driven camshafts on top. A primary timing chain drives a water pump and consumes camshafts only. The consumption camshaft for each cylinder bank affords rotation to the exhaust camshaft through a secondary small single-roller chain.
Until 2011, the engine arises on the intake camshafts with variable cam timing (iVCT). Ford’s Direct Actuating Mechanical Buckets is used by the valve train. The size of the valves is (1.45 inches) intake and (1.22 inches) exhaust.
The lobe contact surface of the bucket is exceedingly refined. The consumption valve lift is 9.8 mm (0.385 inches) whereas the exhaust valve lift is just about 9.1 mm (0.360 inches). The engine uses Ford’s stretchy FEAD (front-end accessory drive), which has no tensioners or idlers to take power from the engine.
There is also two-pieces intake manifold on top of the engine. The injectors of the fuel are placed in the lower intake piece. Both upper and lower intake manifolds are made from plastic. The exhaust manifolds are cast iron.
In the Mustang, the 3.7 Ti-VCT engines and F-150 have manifolds which carry the oval shape of exhaust ports to the collector. This engine also has a damaging thing in the chain-driven water pump which is complicated and spending much money on it to produce.
14. Ford 6.0L PowerStroke Engine
This type of Ford Engines became the first in Power Stroke family completed with single variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) which uses the Garrett GT3782VA turbocharger with by electronic controlled and hydraulically triggered vanes and 58mm compressor wheel. A charged air drives through an air-to-air intercooler. This quick-spooling turbocharger gives quick throttle reaction.
The 6.0 Power Stroke consists of a cast-iron cylinder block with a crankcase bedplate (no main caps) for superb bottom-end strength. Its oil cooler and the high-pressure oil pump are incorporated into the engine block.
Similar to the 7.3 diesel, the 6.0 has rods cast-aluminium pistons and powdered-metal connecting. Connecting rods are very strong and durable which is able to handle 700rwhp and 1,200-1,300 lb-ft of torque. There is the gear train for the crankshaft, camshaft and high-pressure oil pump at the rear of the engine.
The engine has cast-iron, high-flow cylinder heads with four valves per cylinder (16 intake valves and 16 exhaust valves; 32 valves total). Cylinder heads are devoted to the block using just four TTY head bolts per cylinder. Bolts size are 14 mm in diameter. The intake valves diameter is 33.8 mm (1.33 in), of exhaust valves – 28.0 mm (1.10 in).
15. Ford 6.4L PowerStroke Engine
This engine was introduced in 2008 as a cleaner, more powerful, and quieter than any previous engine produced by International Navistar for Ford engines trucks. The 6.4-litre diesel V8 became the first engine that used twin turbochargers from the factory and utilized a diesel particulate filter (DPF), which come to be necessary to bump into the tougher emissions standards set by the government.
Compared to emissions, NOx, AND PowerStroke 6.0 particles condense 50 percent and 90 percent separately.
The 6.4L was well-appointed with an extra exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), EGR valve with a stronger DC motor, and two EGR coolers. Almost 25 percent of tube air contains exhaust gases at the present, lowering NOx releases.
To diminish particulate problem production, the engine exhaust system got a diesel particulate filter (DPF). The manufacturer served the special regeneration process for the DPF to create it as a self-cleaning device. In that active regeneration process, extra fuel is added on the engine’s exhaust stroke to burn out the trapped particles in the DPF effectively.
16. Ford 6.7L PowerStroke Engine
This is a 6.7-litre V8 turbocharged diesel engine which starts with a clean sheet, in 2008 Ford Motor Company started to build a new diesel engine for the Ford Super Duty in-house.
It has a cylindrical block made of solid graphite iron (CGI), a deep-skirt block that has six nodular iron bolts on the main lid. The CGI material provides significant weight savings compared to its predecessor 6.4L.
The 6.7 Power stroke is also equipped with a steel crankshaft made by Mahle, piston-cast aluminum-Federal-Mogul, and a cracked-metal-powder connecting rod. The end of the connecting rod has a cover that requires a 45-degree tum to increase strength.
The engine well-appointed with piston cooling jets for combustion temperatures and lower piston. This affects absolutely on engine longevity American foundry company. Tupy establishes all 6.7L blocks. The 6.7L Power Stroke completed with an intense common-rail direct injection.
The Bosch CP4.2 fuel pump deliveries fuel under a 30,000 psi for the 19 mm Piezo actuated Bosch injectors with eight holes nozzles. The fuel injectors are proficient of pulling off five events per combustion cycle.
Globally, the 6.7 Power Stroke engine has recognized to be very robust. It is essential to do regular oil changes and using high-quality motor oil that meets Ford’s lubricity requirements for this diesel engine. The engine will last a thousand miles hundreds with proper maintenance.
In conclusion, Ford Engines has listed 16 types of engine that we have already served in this article. So, don’t be lazy to keep reading to know its overview.